ISLAMABAD: Pakistan has only been remunerated for one-fourth of the losses its economy has borne since becoming an ally of the US in the war against terrorism in 2002, a PML-N official told The News on Wednesday.
Pakistan has received $25.9 billion from the US during the past decade (2002-2012) in shape of all accounts against $100 billion in the form of losses incurred to the country’s economy in the aftermath of Islamabad’s decision to become an ally of the US-led war against terrorism.
“We have just received one-fourth ($25 billion) against our total losses of over $100 billion,” a top official of the Nawaz-led government told The News as Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif concludes meetings with the Obama administration in Washington DC.
The official said that out of the $25 billion allocated by the US government, the Congress has not yet granted its approval to the disbursement plan for financial year 2013 and 2014.
The US has so far committed $1.164 billion for FY14 including $398 million for security-related expenditures and $766 million for the Economic Support Fund (ESF).
But this allocated financial inflow, according to the official, also includes $10.687 billion on account of reimbursement of Coalition Support Fund (CSF) payments, which cannot be defined as financial assistance in accordance with any standard because these expenditures were incurred by the Pakistan military in its attempts to flush out supporters of Taliban and then reimbursed by Washington.
According to a document prepared by the US Congressional Research Service in collaboration with the departments of state, defence, agriculture and USAID, Pakistan received $17.226 billion for security related expenditures while total economic related assistance stood at $8.686 billion since 2002.
Islamabad received $312 million in the shape of the National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA) under section 1206 to provide global training and equipment. The US also provided $265 million for a Counternarcotics Fund (CN), $2.751 billion in shape of Foreign Military Financing (FMF), $27 million for International Military Education and Training (IMET), $717 million for International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLF), $115 million for Non-Proliferation, Anti Terrorism, Demining and Related (majority for anti terrorism assistance) and $2.352 billion for Pakistan Counterinsurgency Fund (PCF)/ Counterinsurgency Capacity Fund (PCCF).
Interestingly, the US provided $5.687 billion out of the $10.687 billion during the Musharraf regime from 2002 to 2007. When the PPP-led government assumed power in 2008, the US reimbursed $1.019 billion in FY08, $685 million in FY09, $1.499 billion in FY10, $1.118 billion in FY11 and $688 million in FY12. The reimbursement for FY13 and FY14 is not yet fully known.
On account of total economic assistance worth $8.686 billion during the last one decade, the documents showed that USA provided $249 million for Child Survival and Health, $286 million for Development Assistance (DA), $6.610 billion for Economic Support Funds (ESF), $572 million for Food Aid, $17 million for Human Rights and Democracy Funds (HRDF), $704 million for International Disaster Assistance (IDA) and $248 million for Migration and Refugee Assistance (MRA) from 2002 to 2012.
A majority of the total economic assistance funds were received by Pakistan during the tenure of a democratically elected government. During the tenure of the Musharraf regime from 2002 to 2007, Pakistan received $2.033 billion in shape of Economic Support Fund while the country received $347 million in FY08, $1.114 billion in FY09, $1.292 billion in FY10, $919 million in FY11 and $905 million in FY12.
Source: The NEWS
By: Mehtab Haider
Thursday, October 24, 2013